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Cleaning Horse Bays

Cleaning Horse Bays

Cleaning Horse Bays
Contrary to popular belief, clearing the bays is a must and a very important factor in dealing with horses. This service that is commonly left in the hands of other people can provide relevant information about your pet. It is interesting that you observe the consistency of your stool, the conformation of the bed and check the ability it is having to absorb water. This way you can prevent possible future complications.In addition, the health and well-being of animals depend on the environment in which they live, so it should be a clean, airy and comfortable environment.

In this article you will see:
How careful do you have to be when cleaning the bay?
What is there for cleaning bays?
How should a bay be disinfected?
What are the benefits of disinfecting a stall?

How careful do you have to be when cleaning the bay?

Floors: The most indicated floors are those of cement covered with sawdust or shaving, and the synthetic rubber floor. They are the easiest for daily disinfection and cleaning, preventing the proliferation of opportunistic bacteria and fungi. The soil floor is the least indicated because it presents greater.
Bed: The bed should be examined at least twice a day (morning and afternoon). With the fork remove all the manure and all the part wetted by the urine, remembering that all the sawdust taken together with the manure and the urine must be replaced, so that there are no differences. Even with this daily cleaning one should keep an eye on ammonia levels. Ammonia is a nitrogen compound present in the urine of horses, but at high levels can be harmful, causing inflammatory conditions in the airways of equines.
Good ventilation and practical hygiene strategies, as we have said, are necessary to rid an ammonia barn.
Trough and drinking fountain: They should be washed with running water twice a day. You should clean the feed trough after each meal with the help of a brush to remove leftover food particles, preventing them from rotting and being eaten by your horse at the next meal.
Stay alert to the silt that may develop at the bottom of the drinking fountain and bring problems to the digestive health of the horses. So empty the water fountain and rub the bottom and sides to clean it.

Remembering that concrete troughs need more attention than iron, because they are more porous they accumulate more particles.

What is there for sanitizing bays?

Soaps and detergents are the cleaning chemicals that can be used in these facilities. These supplies are designed to emulsify fat and grease. The detergent is very safe and for the hygiene of bays we should prefer alkaline detergents, which will remove organic matter.

How should a bay be disinfected?
For the disinfection of bays we have products like detergents based on quaternary ammonia that are highly toxic against microorganisms (bacteria, fungi and viruses) so they are known for their biocidal action. In some cases next to the quaternary ammonia can come gluteraldeído which is a disinfectant of fast and effective action against the bacteria. We have the lime, much used for its cost benefit.
Creolina is a potent bactericide and germicide and is effective in cleaning contaminated areas. It is worth mentioning that to obtain a good result without compromising safety, creolina must be diluted according to the manufacturer's recommendations, the most common to be recommended is to use 2.5L of water for a 100ml bottle of creolina.
The fire broom is also widely used, mainly for the removal of ectoparasites. This method, however, should be used with caution since it involves very high temperatures.

Once we understand the importance of each structure that makes up a bay and the critical point of each space, we can mention how each structure should be cleaned and what we have for this disinfection. For the disinfection of the bay, the periodicity with which it should be made depends mainly on environmental conditions, the type of floor, and disinfection should be more frequent on the ground floors, and whether or not there were diseased animals in that facility.
Disinfection of the floor with lime: Lime has a powerful germicidal action, that is, it is capable of destroying all microorganisms. The advantages of lime are low cost, easy access in trade, good efficiency and easy application. Use of lime on cement floor: First dry with a broom to remove any dirt, then wash the floor with running water and sprinkle the lime (1 kg / m2) on the entire surface still damp, if necessary spray more water. The action time is approximately 2 hours. Finally remove all lime without leaving any significant residue. Lime can also be used for soil disinfection.
In the troughs and drinking troughs one must do the dry cleaning first, removing all the dirt. Then with running water and aid of a detergent these troughs should be washed. Remember that for the disinfection to be effective it is necessary to remove all organic matter. It is recommended to use a detergent solution for easy cleaning. These detergents should be substances with moistening action and surfactant that with addition of water increase their power of removal of dirt. In addition, it must have an emulsifying effect by dissolving and saponifying the fats so that they do not return to the surface.
Fire broom: In equideocultura the fire broom is indicated for the control of ticks and fleas or in the presence of sick animals. The fire broom, unlike most ectoparasite poisons, kills the eggs that are on the ground and in the corners of the walls.

What are the benefits of disinfecting a stall?

A correctly disinfected stall means a bay free of ectoparasites, flies and knockers. Flies are common infestations in any property that breeds animals, especially in places where there are breeding mistakes, these inconvenient insects increase the stress and irritability of the animal, and are a vector of diseases such as infectious anemia that affects many horses causing loss of appetite, depression and consequently impairing your horse's performance. Infectious anemia is a disease that unfortunately has no treatment or vaccine.
An example of a pest in the beds are the kites, a species of beetle and other common pest present in the breeding of horses, and are also related to handling errors. These insects usually infest in bed and are difficult to control, the most often used is chemical control. Not to mention the flies a chronic problem in the bays that besides being an important vector in many diseases, the control must be done with improvements of the handling of residues.
With the stall correctly disinfected, your pet will be more comfortable and with less stress, which will make you less tense and irritated, facilitating handling, providing you with a healthy weight gain and a healthier life.

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Postado Por: Letícia Simões

Letícia Simões
Veterinary Medicine Student USP Pirassununga FZEA, trainee in the research laboratory in digestive health and performance of horses, currently involved in an experiment on nutrition of the equine hull and works in the marketing of Univitta Animal Health.

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