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Important to know about the gain of muscle mass in horses

Important to know about the gain of muscle mass in horses
Like water proteins are more abundant components in all living beings including the horse participating in the composition of all structures including cells, as a rule 50% of each cell is composed of proteins. Imagine that proteins are like the musical notes in a song, a cluster of notes form a song, that way, they are the participation of the proteins in the structure of the body of each living.
Based on this analogy we can understand that we have different proteins in our body, much more than the amount of musical notes in many songs, it is estimated that there are 50,000 to 100,000 different types of proteins, each one performing a different function, even those that make up the same fabric. Just look at the differences between hair, skin, muscles, etc.

The participation of proteins is not limited to structure the tissues, they participate in active metabolic functions, such as enzymes, hormones, coagulation factors, etc. In this way, we can say that in a song the proteins are not only the musical notes, but the notes, the rhythm, the instrument, the musician, that is, it composes everything and participates in everything.

A simple example of some proteins and their functions is evidenced in the famous; collagen, has structural function being responsible for maintaining the union of tissues mainly skin, cartilage and bones; Insulin, the hormone responsible for the entry of glucose into cells; Ferritin, a protein present in the liver responsible for storing iron; Amylase, produced in the pancreas is important in the processes of carbohydrate digestion; Fibrinogen, plays an important role in coagulation; Immunoglobulin, fundamental in the immune response; Actin and myosin are recognized as contractile muscle proteins, responsible for muscle.


What makes up proteins?
Proteins are composed of amino acids, in horses there are 22 types of amino acids randomly combined with each other. Imagine a children's riding toy with 22 different pieces, have you stopped to think how many different combinations could be made? Well, assuming that the equine has 22 molecules of amino acids, it creates something around more than 100,000 different proteins, with different functions, sizes and compositions.

The protein is made up of at least 50 amino acid molecules and a protein can reach up to 30,000 amino acids. Proteins formed by less than 50 amino acids are called peptides and perform important functions in the body, such as the product of Univittá Saúde Animal o COLÁGENO.

There are some proteins that are small composed of only 51 amino acids as is the case of insulin, primordial for entry of the molecule of glucose in cells, it is the junction of two peptides one with 21 and another with 30 amino acids. Comprised of 574 amino acids, hemoglobin is responsible for oxygen transport being more complex and fundamental to life.

In addition to its composition, the form a protein assumes influences its function, it can be in a helix, linear, spherical or even bent. Even though it contains the same amino acids, the way a protein presents itself can give it distinct functions and work in different ways in the body.

What are essential amino acids?
Based on 22 amino acids that the body of equines has to elaborate the proteins 13 of them are produced by the body of the animal and 9 of these amino acids are obtained exclusively through diet. These amino acids are: phenylalanine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan, histidine and valine. These amino acids are called essential amino acids and the absence of any of them can cause harmful problems to the animal's body.

The use of protein-based supplementation has grown too much in sports animals and the essential amino acids for those who intend to create muscles in these animals have been highly valued. Here's the question: Just supplementing protein to stay muscular? There is a rule that applies to every living being that says that the body only uses what needs the rest and the rest can be stored if there is a future lack or rule of excretion.

But what stimulates the gain of muscle mass?
The production of muscles is stimulated by physical exercise and if a specific muscle is worked the body automatically increases the supply of proteins to these structures. In this way, it is fundamental to ensure the good intake of proteins to serve as a substrate for the production of stronger muscle fibers.

Understanding this, the question remains: knowing that the source of all proteins is also diet, and that the formation of proteins depends on several combinations of amino acids, does it compensate for supplementing only a few amino acids? Or, does it make sense to factorize the guarantee levels of this or that amino acid into a supplementation?

FORT HORSE is a supplement designed to help gain muscle mass while maintaining skeletal body balance and energy supply. Suitable for all equidae in development and especially for those subjected to heavy loads of physical exercise.

Composed of BCAA (branched chain amino acids), Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine (essential amino acids), about 35% of the striated muscles are made up of these 3 amino acids that help decrease the destruction of intracellular proteins for use in energy. In this way, many advocate the supplementation of these amino acids for the construction of lean muscle mass.

According to Jarige and Tisserand, 1984, the amount and quality of body proteins need to be adequate in the tissues so that the animal can grow and develop, be it muscle fibers, intestinal epithelium, or skin. It is from these free amino acids, present in all the tissues and in all the liquids of the organism, that the protein synthesis is realized. Thus, the essential amino acid content reflects the quality of dietary proteins, which is substantially improved with lysine feed supplementation (Reitnour and Salbury, 1976).

The FORT HORSE is used for gaining muscle mass. This is because its proteins are of high biological value contribute to the repair of the muscle, which undergoes micro injuries during the practice of exercises. With the help of whey protein the muscle fiber is repaired and gets bigger and.
Two thousand liters of milk are needed to extract one kilogram of good quality whey, and whey protein also has amino acids such as BCAAs, glutamine, and arginine.

Two thousand liters of milk are needed to extract one kilogram of good quality whey, and whey protein also has amino acids such as BCAAs, glutamine, and arginine.

FORT HORSE Magnesium is involved in various bodily functions of equines. To begin with, it is one of the major bone minerals - up to 60% of the body's magnesium is in the skeleton and is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions, including the generation of cellular energy and the decoding of genetic information.

Working in conjunction with calcium in nerve transmission and muscle contraction, its role in muscle relaxation is key to understanding the symptoms that indicate why supplementation may be necessary.

Analyzing the influence of S. cerevisiae culture (present in FORT HORSE) on the digestibility and rate of feed passage in horses fed with concentrate and bulky in equal proportions, studies conclude that yeast supplementation improves digestibility and, consequently, feed conversion .

Thus, supplementation of equines results in a better body condition, besides optimizing both productive and reproductive processes, and reduction of metabolic disorders such as colic and laminitis (Medina et al., 2002).

In order to increase safety and ensure the development of the animals, we included in the formulation MOS, a prebiotic additive that performs an exceptional function of adsorption of mycotoxins, minimizing the action of the fungi that are responsible for a loss of approximately 35% of productivity, and its growth consumes a large part of the nutrients that would be directed to the development of the animal, thus changing the characteristics of the food, factor of rejection to intake, besides causing losses from the reproductive rates to the athletic performance (GARCIA, 2007).

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Postado Por: Allan Rômulo

Allan Rômulo
Veterinarian, entrepreneur founder of Univittá Saúde Animal, postgraduate degree in business administration by FGV. Formulator and developer of technologies for animal nutrition, with experience in veterinary marketing and sale of concept products.

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