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Palatite in horses "BRAKING"

Palatite in horses
Palatite, also known as "braking", is an inflammation of the hard palate. It is an inflammation of the sky of the horse's mouth, causing a swelling of the upper inner part of the oral cavity, often exceeding the incisor teeth line ( front teeth). This very characteristic symptom of this pathology is that it provides a difficulty in seizing, chewing and swallowing the food. It is very important to know that only the increase of volume of the palate without accompanying inflammation, difficulty in chewing and slimming, but may not be indicative of therapeutic intervention, since many animals coexist normally with this condition.

Etiology
Palatite can occur in horses of all ages, but the cause may vary depending on the age of the animal; In colts, between 24 and 60 months when the eruption of teeth of the permanent incisors occurs, can cause a problem, especially when there is a delay in the total elimination of the teeth of milk; Adult animals the main cause of palatite is food, a very coarse diet ie dry grass, hard and thick stems or even a diet with excess grains mainly whole corn, cause inflammation in the palate causing the so-known "braking" .

Clinical Signs

Inflammation of the sky of the mouth of the horse, which causes a swelling of the palate, because of this, the animal has a slow and painful chewing, salivation and constant exposure of the tongue, causing a slow and progressive slimming, there is also a large waste of feed since the animal leaves a lot of food to fall because it can not make a good chew or until the rejection of the food provided.

Prevention and Control

Foals can be prevented in foals with a veterinarian's supervision every six months until the animal has changed all its dentition and if the taming begins, already in adult horses the accompaniment of the veterinary doctor can be done every year , but it is not only this care one should have, another important point is the diet offered, whole grain update as the maize should be avoided, so if also the supply of very dry bulky, hard and with thick stalks; Caretakers and riders can also evaluate the animal's mouth to see if it has no wounds and / or foreign body before using horses as a form of inspection in order to detect any abnormality in the animal's oral cavity.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis can only be given by a veterinarian, through clinical exams, signs, symptoms and history of the horse; Only with a very detailed examination of the oral cavity can the diagnosis of the cause of this increase in the volume of the palate be ascertained and the treatment given in an ethical and correct manner.

Treatment
The treatment of the palatite has been altered in recent years, the inflammation will be self limiting, but for this to occur food management needs to be altered, with the provision of bulky good quality and avoid the supply of whole grains; The use of anti-inflammatories is necessary in some cases of more severe inflammation; The surgical procedure will be performed if the veterinarian.

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Postado Por: Gabriel Fernandes

Gabriel Fernandes
Veterinary medicine student, horse lover and currently works in the marketing and customer relationship department at Univittá Saúde Animal.

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