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Papillomatosis

Papillomatosis
Papillomatosis, a skin disease that affects horses until 3 years old, manifesting in the form of warts, caused by the papilloma equine virus. These warts are considered benign, hard-appearing tumors, ranging in color from gray to black and are always exposed to the surface of the skin or mucosa.

Etiology:
The papillomaviruses are small and unenveloped viruses that have a double-stranded circular DNA molecule. This viral particle is resistant to environmental conditions and lipid solvents like an ether and chloroform.
 
Transmission:
The transmission occurs through direct contact between a contaminated and susceptible animal or through contact with contaminated materials like an installations and instruments.
 
Clinical Signs:
Warts with filiform or cauliflower forms in different regions of the body. The body locations frequently affected are the lips and the muzzle, although they may also appear on the eyelids, distal portion of the limbs, and in the genital regions.
 
Prevention and Control:
For the prevention of this disease should prohibit contaminated animals from entering on the property, in addition the separation and treatment of sick animals should be made. To minimize the risks of transmission, the management of these animals should be carried out after the management of healthy animals.

Diagnosis:
The diagnosis is just clinical and made by visualizing the warts.

Treatment:
This disease usually presents spontaneous involution after four to nine months. When the lesion persists, there may be immunosuppression of the animal. In most cases complete immunity against the virus develops. Besides that, the warts can be removed or cauterized.

There are some products that interact directly with the animal's immune system, improving and sometimes even worsening. Univittá has in its O MOS line, a prebiotic additive that already proven in scientific works helps and promotes the improvement of the animal's immune system. In addition we have Pro-SACC a probiotic additive that by significantly improving the intestinal microbiota, helps in the absorption of nutrients, helps in digestibility and therefore greatly improves the immunity of the animals.

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Postado Por: Letícia Simões

Letícia Simões
Veterinary Medicine Student USP Pirassununga FZEA, trainee in the research laboratory in digestive health and performance of horses, currently involved in an experiment on nutrition of the equine hull and works in the marketing of Univitta Animal Health.

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