Retention of placenta in mares is a common problem with echinoculture activity in Brazil. The disease is characterized by failure or delay in the ideal time of expulsion of the placenta or part of it, being physiological in mares the total expulsion of the placenta occurring in average of thirty minutes to three hours postpartum.
Some protocols are used by veterinary surgeons to address this problem, and sometimes even the breeders or property owners themselves tend to try to resolve by pulling part of the placenta out of the vulva, which is extremely damaging to the mare as it can mechanically injure the endometrium, causing hemorrhages or uterine prolapse, in addition, this act can carry large amount of bacteria into the uterus, which contributes greatly to the development of a septic endometritis, this also happens in case of residues of placenta in the uterus. inside the uterus generating serious problems for the reproductive future of the mare and also the appearance of secondary diseases like laminitis due to a picture of toxemia or even systemic septicemia that can lead to the death of the animal. There are some causes for the onset of this disease, which may be directly related to animal, physical and nutritional management.
In physical management, it occurs by keeping mare and environments dirty or contaminated that facilitate uterine contamination by bacteria such as E. coli, Pseudomonassp, Staphilococcus, Streptococcus. these can cause retained placenta.
In the case of nutritional management, this disease may be predisposed by inadequate feeding of the pregnant mare;
Poisoning by mycotoxins commonly found in silage or hay balls (present due to failure in storage or improper use of food)
Nutritional deficiency, which can cause a failure in the normal functioning of the organism and also in the production of hormones responsible for the reproductive cycle of the mare.
Another important factor that may predispose this problem to mares is a deficiency of calcium in food, since this element has extremely important functions in animal physiology, including muscle contraction that is present and contributes greatly to the delivery and expulsion of the placenta from the uterus. This latter is very common in mares that remain in pastures or paddocks lined by brachiaria, this genus of plant has high levels of oxalatos that sequester the Calcium making it unavailable to the animal's organism.
Univitta Saúde Animal has in its line a series of products that can help breeders and owners of pregnant mares, promoting their health and well-being, as well as contribute to the better development and maintenance of health of the mother and foal, thus minimizing the complications during
is a broad-spectrum adsorbent of mycotoxins that can and should be used to feed mares that consume silage or hay pre-dried in balls, this product acts to neutralize the mycotoxins present in the food and prevent them from being absorbed by the mare thus avoiding the intoxication and consequently possible complications during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period.
is a noble source of calcium to meet the high demand of mare and fetus during gestation. It can be used to supplement mares that ingest brachiaria, since it provides a calcium of very high solubility and bioavailability, also preventing the problem of retention of placenta.
is a probiotic additive that contributes in various ways to the animals' natural intestinal microflora, significantly improving digestion and consequently the absorption of the nutrients present in the food, as well as assisting in the weight gain and development of the mare and the fetus, production of vitamins, promotes intestinal health, this also contributes to the production of a milk of better quality for the foal including in question of antibodies if initially
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